In many plant species, temperature and herbivory have been shown to affect photosynthetic rates, and thus, capacity for growth. However, few studies have looked at the combined effects of temperature and herbivory on plant performance. This is important, as increases in temperature and rates of herbivory are predicted to coincide with climate change. To address this issue, Lupinus latifolius, a perennial plant native to the western coast of the United States, was studied. L. latifolius was chosen because it is a nitrogen-fixer, and it can facilitate the growth of other plant species in disturbed habitat. As such, observing how L. latifolius responds to future conditions we expect with climate change can provide insight about how plant communities will respond in the future. In this experiment, two growth chambers were used, and L. latifolius plants were placed in one of four treatment groups. The treatment groups were organized so the combined effects of temperature and herbivory could be compared to the standalone effects of temperature and herbivory. For the herbivory treatments, grasshoppers were used. MultispeQ, a portable plant-phenotyping instrument, was used to capture photosynthetic parameters and relative chlorophyll. Certain morphological traits, such as plant height and leaf mass per area (LMA), were also measured. I expect that higher temperatures will result in higher photosynthetic rates, but that herbivory will have a larger negative impact on photosynthesis. As a result, lower photosynthetic rates are likely to be observed under increased temperature and herbivory. T tests and ANOVA were conducted to determine whether differences between treatments are statistically significant. By conducting this research, we can gain a better understanding of how changes in temperature and herbivory rates associated with climate change can interact to affect plant performance and health.
- Leaf Photosynthesis MultispeQ V1.0
Measures many photosynthesis-related parameters in <15 seconds, including:
- Chlorophll Fluorescence: Phi2, PhiNPQ, PhiNO, NPQt, qL, LEF
- Relative Chlorophyll: SPAD
- Proton Motive Force: ECSt, vH+, gH+
- Absorbance at: 450, 535, 605, 650, 730, 850, 880, and 940nm.
- Leaf Thickness (in mm), angle, and cardinal direct...
- Treatment (Multiple Choice)
- Chamber (Multiple Choice)
- Plant ID (#) (Short Answer)
- Date collected (Short Answer)
- Position of leaf (Multiple Choice)
- Have the herbivores been introduced yet? (If applicable) (Multiple Choice)
- Time since last exposure to herbivores? (Short Answer)
- Level of leaf damage (Multiple Choice)
- Notes (Short Answer)